Our skin is unique, but skin types are classified into four main groups; normal, dry, combination and oily.
Skin type is based on the amount of sebum (oil) your skin produces. The level of sebum production can change over time and can be affected by factors such as genetics, hormones, lifestyle, diet and stress.
Taking the time to learn what skin type you have can help you choose the right products to reap maximum results, leaving you with healthy, glowing skin! There are ways you can determine what your skin type is, all from the comfort of your own home.
Finding your skin type
- Start by washing your face with a gentle cleanser and pat skin dry.
- Wait for 30 minutes – 1 hour without applying any other products.
- Then take a tissue and gently pat the different areas of your face.
- As you pat each area, hold the tissue up to the light to see if there is any oil.
- If there is hardly any oil, then you most likely have dry skin, if the oil is coming from your T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have combination skin, and if there is oil from nearly all the areas on your face, then you have oily skin. Normal skin will be even, balanced and smooth.
- You can also follow the above method without the tissue, and simply assess your skin to check if you have any flaky/dry or oily patches.
How to care for your skin type
If you have dry skin, you will produce lower levels of sebum. Skin can often feel tight and there may be flaky patches. Fine lines may seem more pronounced due to dehydration in the skin. Choose soothing and hydrating products to help protect the skin’s moisture barrier. Opt for a hydrating and nourishing moisturiser in the morning and evening, and apply a face oil in the evening for an extra boost of hydration.
- Drink plenty of water to keep skin hydrated.
- Avoid alcohol-based products, as that will dry skin out further
Combination skin includes both dry and oily areas and may require a more targeted skincare approach. Typically, the T-zone may be oily, and cheeks may be dry or normal. To care for skin that is both oily and also dry, gentle cleansers will keep skin nourished without clogging pores while a lightweight moisturiser will help to calm and soothe the skin without being too heavy.
- Use a lightweight moisturiser
- You can also use an exfoliating face mask only on the T-zone to reduce shine and avoid clogged pores.
If you have oily skin, you are more prone to producing excess levels of sebum. Skin will appear shiny on the face, particularly through the T-zone. Just because your skin is more prone to being oily, does not mean it does not need to be moisturised. It’s important to still provide your skin hydration so it does not over produce more natural oils. Adding a toner into your skincare routine is ideal for oily skin types too.
- Double cleanse every evening to remove excess sebum.
- Exfoliate 1-2 times per week to remove dead skin cells.
Normal skin will not be too oily or dry and people with this skin type tend to have smaller pores, smoother texture and are less prone to getting breakouts. Although those with normal skin tend not to have specific skin concerns, it’s still important to have a consistent skincare routine to keep skin hydrated and healthy.